How to Memorise the Qur’aan
By Sheikh, Doctor Abdul Muhsin Al Qaasim, Imaam and Khateeb of Masjidun Nabawiyy
All praises are due to Allah and Salaat and Salaam be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions. This method is excellent for the strength of memorization and its solidity (deep-rootedness) and the quick speed of memorization and quick completing the Quraan.
And this is the method, taking the example of Sura Jumua:
Read the first verse 20 times
Read the second verse 20 times
Read the third verse 20 times
Read the fourth verse 20 times
Read these (above) four from the beginning to the end, to link them, 20 times.
Read the fifth verse 20 times
Read the sixth verse 20 times
Read the seventh verse 20 times
Read the eighth verse 20 times
Read from the fifth verse to the eighth verse 20 times to consolidate between them
Read from the first verse to the eighth verse 20 times to perfect this page.
And like this you persist with this method for every page of the Quraan and do not increase your daily portion exceeding more than one eighth (of a chapter) because the parts memorized will increase and the memorization will be ruined (i.e. it will be difficult to retain what you have memorized).
If I wish to memorize a new page tomorrow then how do I do it?
If you wish to memorize another page for the next day, then before you memorize the new page using the method I mentioned to you, read from the beginning of the page (you memorized yesterday) to the end of the page 20 times so that the previously memorized page becomes solid (in your memory). Then memorize the new page using the method I showed.
How do I combine between memorization and revision?
Do not memorize the Quraan without revision, (otherwise) if you memorize the Quraan, page by page until you complete the Quraan, and you wish to return to what you have memorized you would find that you have forgotten what you had memorized.The correct way is to combine memorization with revision.
Divide the Quraan into 3 divisions: every 10 parts (juz) is a division. Then if you memorize one page a day, then you should revise 4 pages a day until you have memorized 10 juz. Then when you have memorized 10 juz, stop for one whole month for revision, everyday revising 8 pages.And after a month of revision, start memorizing the remainder, a page or two, according to your capabilities and revise 8 pages until you complete memorizing 20 juz. Then when you have memorized 20 juz, stop the memorization for 2 whole months for the revision of the 20 juz, everyday revising 8 pages. Then when the 2 months of revision have passed, start with the memorization, doing one or two pages everyday according to your capability, while revising 8 pages until you complete memorizing the entire Quraan.
When you have completed memorizing the entire Quraan, revise the first 10 juz alone for one month; everyday half a juz. Then you go to the second 10 juz for a month, everyday half a juz and you read 8 pages from the first 10 juz.
Then you go to memorizing the last 10 juz for one month, everyday half a juz and 8 pages from the first 10 juz and 8 pages from the second 10 juz.
How do I revise the entire Quraan when I have completed this (above) revision?
Start with revising the entire Quraan: everyday 2 parts (juz), repeating them thrice everyday, thereby completing the revision of the entire Quraan every two weeks. And in this way, during one year you would memorize the entire Quraan with perfection while you use this method the whole year.
What do I do after one year of memorizing the Quraan?
After a year of perfecting the revision of the Quraan, then let your “Hizb” (portion) of the Quraan be that of the Prophets (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) until your death, for verily he divided the Quraan into seven “Hizbs” in this way you complete the Quraan once every seven days.Aus bin Hudhaifa said: I asked the companions of the Messenger (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) : How do you hizb (divide) the Quraan? They said: 3 Surahs, and 5 Surahs, and 7 Surahs, and 9 Surahs, and 11 Surahs, and the section of the “Mufassal” from Surah Qaaf until the end. (Narrated by Ahmad).i.e. On the first day read from Sura Faatiha to the end of Sura NisaaOn the second day read Sura Ma’idah to the end of Sura Tawbah.On the third day read from Sura Yoonus to the end of Sura Nahl.On the fourth day read from Sura Israa to the end of Sura Furqaan.On the fifth day read from Sura Shu3araa to the end of Sura Yaaseen.On the sixth day read from Sura Saaffaat to the end of Sura Hujuraat.On the seventh day read from Sura Qaaf to the end of Sura Naas.As for the Hizb of the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) ,the Scholars have combined it in the saying: “فمى بشوق”Each letter in these 2 words represents the beginning of a “hizb” of the Prophet (Sallallaahu`alayhi wasallam) that he completed in one day. So the letter ف in the word فمى represents SuraFaatiha indicating that the Hizb on the first day starts with Surah Faatihah.And the letter م in the word فمى indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the second day starts with Surah Maa’idah,and the letter ى in the word فمى indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the third day starts with Surah Yoonus.And the letter ب in the word بشوق indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the fourth day starts with SurahBani Israeel (which is also called Sura Israa).And the letter ش in the word بشوق indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the fifth day starts with Surah Shu’araa.The letter وin the word بشوق indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the sixth day starts with Surah Wassaaffaat.And the letter ق in the word بشوق indicates that the beginning of the Hizb for the seventh day starts with Surah Qaaf until the end of Sura Naas.As for the current division of the Quraan [into 30 juzz], this is from the actions of Hajjaaj bin Yoosuf.
How do I differentiate between the mutashaabihaat (verses that are similar) in the Quraan?
The best way is that when you come across two similar verses in the Quraan, then open the Quraan (Mushaf) to both these verses and look at the difference in the two verses and reflect over it, and set a rule for yourself, and during your memorization note the difference many times until you have perfected the similarities between the two of them.Rules and disciplines in memorization:It is necessary that you do your memorization by a Sheikh (teacher) (so that he may) correct the recitation.
Memorize two (sides of a) pages everyday, one after Fajr and one after Asr or Maghrib and in this way you will memorize the entire Quraan solidly during one year and your memorization will be perfect, but if you increase in memorization then that which you memorized will be weak.The memorization should be from Sura Naas to Sura Faatihah because it is easier, and after your memorization of the Quraan, your revision should be from Sura Baqarah to Sura Naas.The memorization should be from one printed copy so it helps the firm-rootedness of memorization and the quickness of remembering the places of the verses and the ending of pages and the beginning of them.
Everyone memorizing in the first two years, that which is memorized slips away (he forgets easily that which has been memorized) and this is called “the assembly stage” so do not feel sad that the Quraan is slipping away from you or your many mistakes. And this is a difficult phase with trials, because shaytaan has a part in stopping you from memorizing the Quraan. So turn down his whisperings and continue memorizing because it is a treasure not given to just anyone.
Written by: Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin al-Qaasim Imaam and Khateeb of the Prophets Masjid in Madeenah al-Munawarah
Translated by: Amina Bint Abee
Revised by: Aboo Thaabit, Isma’eel bin Muhammad